July 8, 2020
What is an environmentally friendly battery? Let HOPPT BATTERY answer it for you.
Environmental protection battery refers to a kind of high-performance. This pollution-free battery has been put into use or is being developed and developed in recent years.
Nickel metal hydride batteries, lithium-ion batteries, mercury-free alkaline zinc-manganese galvanic batteries, and rechargeable batteries that have widely used and lithium or lithium-ion plastic batteries and fuel cells that developed and developed, fall into this category.
Solar cells (also known as photovoltaic power generation), which have been widely used and use solar energy for photovoltaic conversion, can also be included.
For the battery pollution is increasingly dangerous, the appearance of environmental protection battery has reduced people's use of battery pollution. In recent years, there are several ecological protection batteries put into use, and some developed and developed, which is a kind of high-performance, pollution-free battery.
Environment-friendly batteries include nickel-metal hydride batteries, lithium-ion batteries, alkaline zinc manganese batteries, lithium plastic batteries, and fuel cells.
Among them, nickel-metal hydride batteries were gradually industrialized in the early 1990s and developed early. The original research and development were to replace the toxic and carcinogenic nickel-cadmium batteries first developed. However, currently, the market share in mobile phones in Europe and The United States is still around 50%.
The lithium-ion battery is superior in performance, and dramatically exceeds the specific energy of nickel-metal hydride battery. It is also a kind of environmental protection and green battery developed in the later stage. It has been growing at a very high speed in a few short years from 1993 to 2000.
The alkaline zinc-manganese battery in the dry battery has a higher capacity than the same size as the dry cell. It has the ability of large current discharge, due to the application of mercury-free zinc powder this year, this battery has become an environmentally friendly battery.
Also, lithium plastic battery, a conductive polymer as the new battery's electrolyte, with lightweight, shape can be changed arbitrarily, better security features.
Fuel cells are devices that use fuel and oxidants to generate electricity directly and continuously, which is efficient and produces no pollution.
As a result of the global promotion of the environmental protection concept, an environmentally friendly battery is also becoming a battery industry development trend.
What are the environment-friendly batteries
At present, as the energy technology for improvement, in the production of environmental protection and energy-saving power is an inevitable trend, for the green battery is refers to the recent to input are development, the development of high performance and non-pollution battery, the market is the most common are alkaline battery, nickel-metal hydride batteries, lithium-ion battery rechargeable battery.
The current is promoting the use of mercury-free alkaline zinc manganese dioxide battery and rechargeable batteries and developed, the development of lithium or lithium-ion batteries and fuel cell plastic belong to environmental protection battery, such as is currently the most leading in science and technology is widely used. Use of solar energy for photovoltaic solar cell, which is developed by Japanese Sanyo source in recent years, vigorously promote energy; it will be ideal energy in the future.
For nickel-metal hydride batteries, it is the use of rare earth alloy or the observatory alloy hydrogen storage material as an active cathode material, replaced the carcinogen cadmium, not only makes the new batteries become one kind of green environmental protection battery, and make a battery is nearly 40% higher than the energy of the battery is gradually realize the industrialization in the early 90 s, and the first to use the cell phone battery.
Now although it on the phone's dominant position gradually replaced by a lithium-ion battery, because the lithium-ion battery has outstanding aspects, mainly by reversible embedded lithium metal oxide as the definite and organic electrolyte composition, the working voltage of 3.6 V, thus a lithium-ion battery is equivalent to three nickel-cadmium or nickel-metal hydride batteries, given the above advantages, a few short years since 2000, its production and usage with extremely rapid growth.
Alkaline battery, the battery is the same size ordinary dry-cell batteries have higher capacity. The ability to discharge with large current, with the development of the regularly recently to without mercury zinc powder has used, so that the battery becomes a kind of green battery, and become the mainstream product in the original array, alkaline zinc manganese dry cell still is currently BP machine use most of the power supply.
Except on several kinds of plastic and lithium battery, fuel cell, zinc manganese dry batt